Nehru remained, the hero of his people in the 35 years from 1929 to 1964, when Gandhi elected Nehru as president of the Congress session at Lahore until his death as prime minister.
Nehru and Gandhi’s real difference was not in their attitudes towards religion, but in their attitudes towards society.
Throughout his attempts to solve the problem of Goa’s Portuguese colony, the last remaining foreign-controlled body throughout India, Nehru was more fortunate. While his military occupation by Indian troops caused a furor in many Western countries in December 1961.
Nehru did not hide his disagreements on many fundamental social, cultural, and political issues with Gandhi. He did not share Gandhi’s aversion to industrialization, and he saw that heavy manufacturing was the focus of India’s early five-year plans after independence.
He retained democratic socialism as the leading star during his 17 years in the office of the prime minister, emphasizing that India needed to achieve both democracy and socialism.