Which war is the first war of Indian independence?
The revolt of 1857 against the British East India Company was usually known to be the first war of independence. It aroused the hidden sentiments among the people for the active freedom movement.
What are the causes of this war :
The peasants and soldiers were the unhappiest people with British policies. That is why it is called to be ‘sepoy mutiny’.
The policies which made them so furious to lead this revolt are:
The peasants were bound to pay high taxes under any circumstances. The peasants suffered incredible difficulties and were on the verge of their patients.
The sepoys employed in the British army before who used to be Indian peasants or farmers also felt that some of the policies of the British army were against their religious beliefs when a person was taken to Burma and while Indian’s had a belief that crossing the sea means abandoning own religion.
Impacts and result of the war:
The rebellion posed an actual threat to British power in that region and was contained only with the rebels’ defeat in Gwalior on 20 June 1858. On 1 November 1858, the British granted amnesty to all rebels not involved in murder, though they did not declare the hostilities formally to have ended until 8 July 1859.
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, the uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown.